Pengertian, Fungsi  Passive Voice Beserta Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat

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Pengertian, Fungsi  Passive Voice Beserta Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat

Welcome to my web, hai teman-teman semua, untuk kesempatan kali ini mimin akan membagikan sebuah artikel yang pastinya akan menambah ilmu pengetahuan kalian . Langsung saja kita simak materinya.

Dalam pelajaran bahasa inggris tentunya kalian sudah tidak asing lagi dengan passive voice.  Nah kali ini mimin akan memberikan penjelasan selengkapnya mengenai passive voice, semoga bisa membantu kalian semua dalam belajar bahasa inggris ya, let’s check it out !

Pengertian passive voice

Passive voice merupakan suatu bentuk kalimat yang mana subject kalimat tersebut tidak melakukan aksi, melainkan menerima aksi. Berbeda dengan active voice yang fokus terhadap kalimat sebagai pelaku aksi ( Doer of action ), passive voicele memiliki bentuk yang lebih berfokus pada pihak atau object yang menerima hasil dari suatu aksi ( receiver of action ).

Contoh :

ACTIVE

PASSIVE

 

Andi read a book ( Andi membaca sebuah buku ).

 

 a book readed by Andi (   sebuah   buku dibaca oleh   Andi )

 

Fungsi passive voice

Kalimat passive voice digunakan untuk mununjukan rasa ketertarikan terhadap suatu object atau pada seseorang yang menerima tindakan bukan object atau seseorang yang melakukan suatu tindakan. Dapat dikatakan bahwa orang atau hal-hal lain yang terpenting akan dijadikan subject kalimat.

Biasanya, kalimat aktif dapat dirubah menjadi kalimat pasif dengan bentuk kalimat aktif yang mengandung unsur transitive ( kata kerja yang memerlukan objek langsung ) seperti buy, take, make, write, bring, live dan lain sebagainya.  Kebalikanya, kalimat pasif mengandung intransitive verbs ( kata kerja yang tidak memerlukan objek langsung) seperti  swim, die, arrive , cry dan go tidak dapat diubah menjadi kalimat dalam bentuk pasiv.

Akan tetapi, jika intransitive verb tersebut diikuti oleh preposition maka akan muncul kemungkinan bahwa kalimat tersebut dapat diubah menjadi bentuk pasif, namun kalimat yang terbentuk akan sangat kaku.

 

Rumus  dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice

Subject + to be ( am/is/are) + past participle (verb 3 ) + By + Object

 

  1. Rumus Lengkap Passive Voice dan Contoh Kalimat

Tenses

Rumus

Contoh kalimat

1. Simple Present

 

 

S + Am/is/are + V3 + by + O
  • The soup is cooked  by this girl.
  • Flowers are watered  by my mother.
2. Present Continous

 

 

S + Am/is/are + being +  V3 + by + O
  • Horror movie is being watered by her
  • The breakfast are being cooked  by me
3. Simple Past

 

 

S + Am/is/are was/were + V3 + by + O
  • My car was cleaned  by her.
  • Andi were visited hospital .
4. Past Continous

 

 

S + Am/is/are + being + V3 + by + O
  • Bread was being baked by me
  •  Math  were being studied by her
5. Present Prefect

 

 

S + Has/have + been + being + V3 + by + O
  • The home work has been finished by me.
  • Pizza have been eaten by my brother
6. Present Perfect Countinous

 

 

 

S + Have/has + been + being + V3 + by + O
  • A fruits has been being eaten by my father.
  • A text have been being writed by me.
7. Past Perfect

 

 

S + Had + been + V3 + by + O
  •  Toilet had been used  by the old man.
  • Math had been studied by me.
8. Past Perfect Continous

 

 

 

S + Had + been + being + V3 + by + O
  • A cake had been being eaten by her.
  •  A cake had been being maked by my mother.
9. Simple Future

 

 

S + Will be + V3 + by + O
  • The documents will be prepared by them.
  • The documents will be edited by her
10. Future Continous

 

 

S + Will be + being + V3 + by + O
  •  A cake will be being created by me.
  •  English class will be being finished by us.
11. Future Perfect

 

 

S + Will + have + been + V3 + by + O
  • A food will have been cooked by my sister.
  • A cake will have been cooked by me
12. Future Perfect Continous

 

 

S + Will + have + been + being + V3 + by + O
  • Musical will have been being watched by them.
  • Concert will have been being watched by us.
13. Simple Past Future

 

 

S + Would + be + V3 + by + O
  • A cake would be baked by my mother.
  • The text would be writed by her.
14. Past Future Continous

 

 

S + Would + be + being + V3 + by + O
  • A bread would be being baked by him.
  • A bread would be being eaten by her.
15. Past Future Perfect

 

 

S + Would + have + been + V3 + by + O
  •  Movie would have been watched by them.
  • The letter would have been writed by her.
16. Past Future Perfect Continous

 

 

S + Would + have + been + being + by + O
  •  A fruits would have been being eaten by her. 
  • Bread would have been being eaten by me.

 

 

Nah sudah jelas bukan materi passive voice kali ini. Semoga bermanfaat dan bisa membantu kalian semua dalam belajar bahasa inggris . tetap semangat , dan jangan lupa simak terus materi dari tutorial bahasa inggris berikutnnya.

 

Baca Juga :

Baca Juga :   √ Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice Dalam 16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris Beserta Artinya